Berlin, the capital of Germany, is one of the most beautiful cities in Europe. It is one of the places that must be included in tours of Germany. This German capital was once a symbol of the Cold War, but now it's a cultural city that's always changing and a budget traveler's dream. The city has something for every kind of traveler, from lively nightlife to more than 170 world-class museums, art galleries, philharmonics, and historical buildings.
Also, there are so many different kinds of restaurants and shops that it can be scary just to go shopping. we've put together a list of some of the best places to visit in Berlin. Read through it before you plan your trip to this lively German capital.
The Charlottenburg Palace, which was built in the 17th century, is the largest building in Germany. It is just outside the center of Berlin. It was built in 1695 and was once the main home of the German royal family. This huge palace has many amazing features, like a central dome that is 50 meters high, Baroque and Rococo decorations in its large rooms, and a large garden that was modeled after the gardens at Versailles.
Visitors can see how the Prussian Kings and Electors lived, from Frederick I's bedroom and study with their fine furniture and paintings to the State Dining Room and 42-meter-long Golden Gallery with its rich, gilded stucco. Also, in the palace gardens, don't forget to see the Tea House and the Orangery.
The Brandenburg Gate, a neoclassical monument from the 18th century, is the most famous historical site in Berlin. It has been there for more than two hundred years. This large Neoclassical gate was ordered by King Frederick Wilhelm II in 1788. It was made to look like the Propylaea at the Acropolis in Athens. This 26-meter-tall sandstone monument in the Pariser Platz of the Mitte district, near the Reichstag building, became a place for protests when Germany was divided and a place to celebrate when the wall came down in 1989. During World War II, the gate was badly damaged, and in the early 2000s, it was fixed up in a big way. Today, it has been completely fixed up and is a symbol of both the troubled history of the area and the coming together of East and West Berlin. It is now home to many of the city's important buildings, like embassies, five-star hotels, and high-end shops. One of the best things to do in Berlin is to check out the Brandenburg Gate at night.
The Oberbaum Bridge is another well-known landmark in Berlin. It is a beautiful two-story bridge that crosses the river Spree. On the lower deck of the bridge is a road, while the U-Bahn runs on the upper deck. It has a nice view of the city and is one of the most photographed spots in Berlin.
This bridge was built in 1895. It links the neighborhoods of Friedrichshain and Kreuzberg. During the cold war, from 1961 to 1989, it was used as a checkpoint between East and West Berlin. It is now an important symbol of Berlin's unity. You can walk across the bridge, but the best views are further down the Spree.
Berlin Cathedral is one of the largest and most impressive churches in Berlin. It is on Museum Island and is one of the best places to visit in Germany. It is the oldest building, having been built as a parish church in 1465. During World War II, it was badly damaged, but in 1993, it was fixed up to look like it does now. The building, which was made in the New Baroque style, is Berlin's biggest church. It has three main parts: the Memorial Church, the Baptismal and Wedding Church, and the Parish Church. The green dome, which is 75 meters high, and the organ in the Dome, which has over 7,000 pipes and is one of the largest in all of Germany, are the most noticeable parts of the cathedral. The Hohenzollern Crypt is another popular spot. It has nearly 100 tombs, monuments, and sarcophagi from the 16th to the 20th centuries. One can also see the Imperial Staircase, which was made in 1905 by the Berlin landscape painter Albert Hertel and has bronze cornices and 13 paintings made of tempera.
Museum Island, also called Spree Island, is one of the must-see places in Berlin. It is in a 400-meter-long canal between the River Spree and the Kupfergraben. Five buildings that look like temples are home to a unique group of galleries and museums on the island. Museum Island was named a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1999 because it has treasures from the first 6,000 years of human history.
Here are many of Berlin's most important museums, such as the Old Museum (Altes Museum), which was built in 1830 to hold the Crown Jewels and other royal treasures, the New Museum, the Old National Gallery, the Bode Museum, and the Pergamon Museum, which is the city's most popular museum. The Pergamon Museum is the newest museum in Europe. It opened in 1930 and is one of the most popular because it has a world-class collection of Greek and Roman classical antiquities and an impressive collection of Middle Eastern art.
The Berlin Wall Memorial is one of the city's most famous and popular historical sites. It was built in 1961 when East Germany closed off that part of the city so that people couldn't escape to West Germany. The wall was four meters high and ran for 155 kilometers. It divided 55 streets and had 293 watchtowers and 57 bunkers. But in 1989, it was torn down, and now only a 1.4 km stretch is kept as the Berlin Wall Memorial. It stands as a chilling reminder of the hatred that once split Europe. The remains and the Documentation Centre give information about the fortification and how it changed the lives of people on both sides. Don't forget to look at the Window of Remembrance and the Visitor Center, which both have views of the wall's remains. The East Side Gallery on the Spree river is another popular part of the Berlin Wall Memorial. It has many well-known graffiti sections.
The rebuilt Reichstag is a historic building in Berlin and one of the most famous places to see there. The German Empire's Imperial Diet met in this building from 1894 until it burned down in 1933. Later, it was fixed up, and in 1999, the German Parliament moved in. The German government is based in the Reichstag, which also has one of the most impressive glass domes in the world. This glass dome was made not only for the view but also to show how open and democratic Germany is as a whole. People can go inside the dome and enjoy the great views of the city from the Rooftop Restaurant, which is especially nice at night.
The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe is one of Berlin's most well-known monuments. It is near the Brandenburg Gate. It is also called the Holocaust Memorial because it is a memorial to the Jews who were killed by Nazi Germany and a few of its allies during World War II. It was designed by architects Peter Eisenman and Buro Happold and is made up of 2,711 rectangular slabs of concrete that cover 19,000 square meters of uneven ground. Also, below the large memorial is an information center that shows the letters, diaries, recordings, and biographical information of Holocaust victims. This center draws people from all over the world.
Gendarmenmarkt is a square in Berlin that was built in the 17th century. It is between Unter den Linden and Checkpoint Charlie. It is one of Berlin's biggest squares and one of the most visited places in the city. It is dominated by the Konzerthaus, the French Cathedral, and the German Cathedral, which are all important buildings from the past. The Huguenot Museum is in the French Cathedral.
The history of the German Parliament is shown in the German Cathedral. Every year, this old square is the site of many public events. In the summer, classical concerts are held on the steps of the Konzerthaus theatre. During the winter, the whole place turns into the city's famous Christmas Market. At the center of the square, there’s a huge statue of the great poet Friedrich Schiller. It is surrounded by four female figures who represent the art forms of Lyric Poetry, Drama, History, and Philosophy.
The Berlin Television Tower is the most famous landmark in Berlin and the tallest building in Germany. It is 368 meters tall and stands on Alexander Platz. The government of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) built the tower in 1969. It was meant to be a sign of both Communist power and the city. Locals call this tower the Berliner Fernsehturm, and it can be seen from the city center and some of the suburbs. One can take an elevator up to the 200-meter-high observation deck and viewing platform, which has great views of the busy city of Berlin. Also, you can have a beer at the Panorama Bar or eat at the Sphere Restaurant, which slowly turns to give you a view of Berlin from every angle. It is one of the most popular tourist spots in Berlin, with more than 60 million people going there every year.
The city of contrast is Berlin. From the city's diverse art scene to its underground techno sound to its modern architecture and historic buildings. It has something for everyone and is home to diverse communities from all over the world. Except on Sundays, Berlin, Germany's largest city, is full of opportunities.
Many first-time visitors to Berlin will quickly discover that most businesses are closed on Sundays. This is because it has a "store-closing law" that says businesses can't be open on Sundays. However, despite the law, there is still a lot to do on Sundays in Berlin. And the above names can be on your checklist for your next visit to Berlin.